To speak of Mediterranean Diet is simplistic. The term was created through Ancel Keys’ studies following the Second World War. Ancel Keys conducted a prolonged research with the University of Minnesota after investigating the eating habits of many countries. He designed the “K rations”, which were used to feed the American soldiers during the war. His research proved that the Mediterranean gastronomic habits can ensure ongoing prevention against all kinds of health problems, primarily cardiovascular diseases. His theory evolved with time and nowadays it recommends a constant intake of water, vegetables, fruit, cereal, fish, white meat, and high quality extra-virgin olive oil of known origin. This is in fact the variety of foods eaten in the Mediterranean countries. It is also a joy for the taste buds, rather than a monotonous diet.